Social Development  

Social development refers basically to the sectors of health and education. These two sectors have come under considerable strain in Pakistan due to rapid population growth. Successful development of these sectors is essential for the success of any long-term social development programmes, as it reflects on welfare and the productivity of people.


Provision of health services in the Sindh secondary cities is based on a system of (a) Basic Health Units (BHUs) delivering services such as mother and child care, preventive treatment, and referral to larger units, and (b) district hospitals.

Regarding health facilities, Larkano has four hospitals and four dispensaries (playing the role of BHUs), run by the government, with a total of 1750 beds (1990 figures).  As far as staff is concerned, there are 220 doctors, 237 nurses, and 347 paramedics.   Provision of basic health services in Larkano is more or less satisfactory.  One of the major shortcomings is related to the delivery of mother and child care services, where at least three organised centers for such services are urgently needed.  The situation is becoming critical if one considers also the fact that any efforts to curb population growth necessarily pass through the upgrading of basic health services to include this type of specialised services.

The provision of hospital beds in Larkano (with 1.0 bed per 1000 catchment population in 1990) is much above the Sindh provincial average of 0.34 hospital beds per 1000 inhabitants (1986).  However, proper maintenance of existing facilities should be undertaken.

Important Government Medical Facilities in Larkano

  1. LINAR (Cancer Hospital/Nuclear Medical Center)
  2. Hospitals working under Chandka Medical College
  1. City Block (Civil Hospital)
  1. Teaching Hospital
  2. Sheikh Zayed Hospital for Women
  3. Sheikh Zayed Hospital for Children
  1. Government Hospital (Mohalla Murad Wahan)
  2. Railway Hospital
  3. Red Crescent Hospital
  4. Police Dispensary

Private Medical Facilities in Larkano

  1. Larkana Medical Center
  2. Almas Medical Center
  3. Latif Medical Center
  4. Mehran Medical Center
  5. Sindh Medical Center
  6. Batool Medical Center


Regarding education, the situation in Larkano, as revealed by the socio-economic sample survey, is relatively better off than the national average.  It can be seen in the table below that women are greatly disadvantaged regarding the literacy index.

Larkano: Literacy Ratios - Active Population (1985)

  Literates % Illiterates %
Males 73.0 27.0
Females 31.0 69.0
Total 52.0 48.0

Source: 1985 Socio-economic Sample Survey, Larkano ODP

Larkano: Distribution of Literate Population (Excluding Students) by Educational Attainment

Educational Level %
Primary 45.9
Middle 30.9
High/Intermediate 19.5
Graduate/Post Graduate 3.7

Source: 1985 Socio-economic Sample Survey, Larkano ODP


In 1947, the year of Independence, there were only 9 primary and 3 secondary schools in Larkano.  In 1970 this figure rose to 30 primary and 4 secondary (middle and high) schools.  In 1985, there were 44 primary, nine secondary, six colleges, and four vocational institutes.  The table below presents information about the number or educational units, students, and staff in Larkano, including higher educational levels.

Larkano: Educational Units, Students, and Staff

Type of Units No of Units Enrolment No of Staff
    Male Female  
Primary 44 8500 4029 355
Secondary 9 5600 1470 227
Colleges 6 4637 N/A
Vocational Institutes 4 24436 N/A

N/A: Data Not Available

Source: 1985 Socio-economic Sample Survey, Larkano ODP


Important Educational Institutes of Larkano


  1. Government Pilot High School (1926)
  2. Minicipal High School
  3. District Council High School
  4. Girls High School
  5. Abdul Qadir Middle School
  6. Walid High School

Beside these government schools, there are many private schools in Larkano.


  1. Government Degree College
  2. Government Pilot College
  3. Municipal College
  4. Government Girls College (previously the Madarsa constructed 1901)

Professional Institutes

  1. Chandka Medical College
  2. Polytechnic Institute
  3. Teachers' Training College
  4. Nursing School
  5. Paramedic School
  6. Police Training School
  7. Women's Teaching and Training School